Punjab Legislative Assembly

About Vidhan Sabha

After Independence and the eventual partition of India in 1947, the Punjab province of British India was divided between India and Pakistan. The Indian Punjab was further divided in 1966 with the formation of the new states of Haryana and Himachal Pradesh alongside the current state of Punjab. On 1st November 1966, the Hindi-speaking southern half of Punjab became a separate state of Haryana, and the Pahari speaking hilly areas in north east were given to Himachal Pradesh. Chandigarh was on the border between the two states and became a separate Union Territory but serves as the capital of both Punjab and Haryana.

The Punjab Legislative Assembly came into being under the Constitution consequent upon the first elections in 1952. Initially the Punjab State Legislature was a Bicameral House. The Upper House i.e. Legislative Council of Punjab was abolished on 1st January 1970 and as a result, the Legislature of Punjab was transformed into Unicameral Legislature. Ever since, the number of Members in Vidhan Sabha has been varying from time to time. Upon reorganization in 1966, the number of Members was reduced to 87 from 154 but it again rose to 104 after the General elections of 1967. At present, the Assembly consists of 117 Members.

The State has 22 Districts, 22 cities and 157 towns with 10 Municipal Corporations, 98 Municipal Councils (Class I - 24, Class II - 46, Class III - 28) and 57 Nagar Panchayats. Total Population of Punjab is 2,77,43,388 out of which 1,46,39,465 are males and 1,31,03,873 are females. There are 1.84 Crore Electors in the State.

The area of Punjab can be divided into:

Malwa Region: The region of Punjab south to river Sutlej. The Malwa area makes up majority of the Punjab region consisting 11 districts with Ludhiana, Rupnagar, Patiala, Sangrur, Bathinda, Mansa, Ferozepur, Fazilka, Rajpura, Moga and Ajitgarh as main cities. This Region is famous for cotton farming.

Majha Region: This is a historical region of the Punjab comprising the modern districts of Amritsar, Pathankot, Gurdaspur and Tarn Taran. The region lies between rivers Ravi, Beas and the Sutlej. This region is called the heartland of Punjab and is celebrated as being the 'Cradle of Sikhism.

Doaba Region: This region lies between the rivers Beas and Sutlej. The name "Doaba" literally translates to "land between two rivers" It is one of the most fertile regions of the world and was the centre of the Green Revolution in India. To this day, it remains one of the largest per capita producers of wheat in the world. The main cities in of the region are Jalandhar, Hoshiarpur, Rupnagar, Nawanshahar and Kapurthala.

Districts of Punjab

Amritsar Barnala Bathinda Firozpur
Fazilka Fatehgarh Sahib Faridkot Gurdaspur
Hoshiarpur Jalandhar Kapurthala Pathankot
Ludhiana Mansa Moga SAS Nagar
Muktsar Patiala Rupnagar Sangrur
Tarn Taran S B S Nagar